Rankings vs. Reality
It has more than 24 million inhabitants, covers 7,000 square kilometers, is one of the largest financial, economic and communication centres, and boasts the world’s third largest seaport , (after Rotterdam and Singapore) seaport… this is a description that fits only one city on Earth – Shanghai. The standing of China’s largest agglomeration is in many respects much higher than cities such as New York, Tokyo, London and Hong Kong, with which it competes continually for a more important role in the economy of the Republic of China. Shanghai stands out on the world map in terms of education.
In the city are headquartered as many as 27 universities and high schools (13 national universities, 13 public high schools and one private). Among them is one of the oldest higher education institutes, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, founded in 1896.
Graduates of the prestigious institution include, among others, Jiang Zemin, President of the Republic of China from 1993 to 2003. Since 2003, the university authorities, lecturers and some students have published the Academic Ranking of World Universities, also known as the Shanghai List. The ranking compilers justify their choices according to analysis of the workforce, the educational potential of students, prizes won in competitions, and the number of publications and articles in scientific journals such as “Science” and “Nature”.